a soft beige cashmere sweater with a subtle stain on the sleeve. A small basin filled with lukewarm water and a gentle, wool-safe detergent is to the side, with light suds visible. A woman with Caucasian descent's hands are shown carefully submerging the sweater in the water, suggesting a delicate hand-washing technique.

How to Clean Cashmere Clothes

Cashmere clothes are like the royalty of your wardrobe. They’re soft, luxurious, and can make you feel instantly cozy and pampered. But just like royalty, cashmere requires a special kind of care to keep it looking and feeling its best. That’s why knowing how to clean cashmere clothes is so important.

Imagine you have a beautiful cashmere sweater. You wear it to a friend’s party and accidentally spill some juice on it. Oh no! Before you panic, remember that cashmere is quite resilient and, with the right care, that stain will be nothing but a distant memory.

In this article, we’ll guide you step-by-step on how to clean cashmere clothes properly. We’ll talk about the best detergents to use, the right water temperature, and even how to dry your cashmere items so they don’t lose their shape. By the end of this article, you’ll be a pro at caring for your cashmere clothes and ensuring they stay soft and luxurious for years to come. So, let’s dive in!

Understanding Cashmere

Cashmere wool has a unique origin and set of characteristics that make it different from other types of wool. Let’s take a closer look at what makes cashmere so special.

Origin and Characteristics of Cashmere Wool

Cashmere wool comes from the soft undercoat of goats that are found in the Himalayan region of Asia. These goats have a thick coat that helps protect them from the harsh weather conditions of the Himalayas. The undercoat is combed out during the spring molt and is then used to make cashmere wool.

Cashmere wool is known for its softness, lightness, and warmth. It is much softer than regular wool and feels luxurious against the skin. Cashmere is also lighter than other types of wool, making it a popular choice for lightweight sweaters and scarves. Despite its light weight, cashmere provides excellent warmth, making it perfect for winter wear.

Why Cashmere Requires Delicate Handling

Due to its delicate nature, cashmere requires special care when cleaning and storing. The fibers of cashmere wool are finer and more fragile than other types of wool, making it prone to damage if not handled properly. Improper cleaning or storage can lead to shrinking, stretching, or pilling, which can ruin the luxurious feel and look of the garment.

When cleaning cashmere, it is essential to use a mild detergent and avoid using bleach or other harsh chemicals. The garment should also be handled gently to avoid stretching or damaging the fibers. In the next sections, we will dive deeper into the steps on “how to clean cashmere clothes” to ensure your garments stay soft and luxurious for years to come.

Preliminary Steps Before Cleaning

Before jumping into the cleaning process, it’s vital to take some preparatory measures. Cashmere is a unique fabric that deserves careful attention, so ensure you’re set up for success. Here are the primary steps to follow before you start the process of cleaning your cashmere clothes:

Checking for Care Labels and Specific Instructions

Every clothing item usually comes with a care label, a tiny tag that holds a wealth of information. This is especially true for cashmere garments. Before you wash, take a moment to check the care label on your cashmere item. It will provide specific washing and drying instructions tailored to that particular piece. By following these guidelines, you can avoid any potential mishaps, ensuring that your garment retains its shape and softness.

Identifying Stains or Areas for Spot-Cleaning

Inspect your cashmere garment for any noticeable stains or areas that might need a little extra attention. Maybe it’s a small coffee spill from last week or some dirt from your outdoor adventure. By identifying these spots ahead of time, you can treat them directly before the main wash, increasing the chances of complete stain removal.

Choosing the Right Environment for Cleaning

Now, where you clean matters as much as how you clean. It’s best to wash cashmere in a well-ventilated space. Good air circulation helps in the drying process, ensuring that the garment dries evenly

Choosing the Right Cleaning Agents

Just as you’d choose the finest ingredients for a gourmet meal, selecting the right cleaning agents for your cashmere clothes is of utmost importance. Using the wrong products can harm the delicate fibers of your cashmere, diminishing its softness and quality. Here’s what you need to know:

Importance of Using Mild or Cashmere-Specific Detergents

When considering how to clean cashmere clothes, always lean towards mild detergents. These are gentle on the cashmere fibers, ensuring they remain intact and don’t break. For the best results, look for detergents specifically formulated for cashmere or woolen fabrics. They’re designed to cleanse without causing damage, ensuring your garments remain as luxurious as when you first bought them.

What to Avoid: Harsh Chemicals, Bleach, and More

Cashmere and harsh chemicals are a disastrous combination. These chemicals can weaken the fibers, leading to premature wear and tear. Bleach, in particular, is a major no-go. Not only can it damage the fabric, but it can also cause discoloration. Always read the ingredients of your chosen detergent, and if in doubt, opt for something else.

DIY Natural Cleaning Solution Recommendations

For those who prefer a natural touch, there are some DIY cleaning solutions suitable for cashmere:

  1. Mild Soap and Water: A simple mixture of lukewarm water and a few drops of mild liquid soap (like baby shampoo) can be effective.
  2. White Vinegar Solution: Combine two cups of water with one tablespoon of white vinegar. This solution helps in preserving the softness and color of the cashmere.
  3. Baking Soda Mix: For odor removal, mix lukewarm water with a teaspoon of baking soda. Just ensure you rinse the garment thoroughly after washing.

Remember, the goal is to keep your cashmere garments feeling soft and looking vibrant. By choosing the right cleaning agents and being aware of potential pitfalls, you’ll be setting yourself up for success in maintaining the quality of your precious cashmere items.

Hand-Washing Cashmere

Hand-washing is often the safest and most recommended method for cleaning cashmere garments. It allows you to maintain control over the process, ensuring the fabric’s delicate fibers aren’t subjected to the rough and tumble of a machine. Here’s how to do it right:

Preparing the Water: Right Temperature and Soap Dilution

Temperature Matters: Start by filling a basin or sink with lukewarm water. It’s essential to avoid hot water, as it can shrink or distort the cashmere fibers.

Soap Dilution: Add a small amount of mild or cashmere-specific detergent to the water. Ensure it’s fully dissolved by swirling the water with your hand. The goal is to create a gentle soapy solution that can cleanse without being overly harsh on the fabric.

Steps to Gently Wash Without Stretching or Damaging the Fibers

  1. Submerge the Garment: Place your cashmere item into the water, gently pushing it down to ensure it’s fully soaked.
  2. Gentle Agitation: Using your hands, softly agitate the water and the garment. The idea is to allow the soapy water to flow through the fabric, lifting away dirt and impurities.
  3. Avoid Wringing: Never twist or wring cashmere, as this can stretch or damage its shape. Instead, gently press or squeeze the garment to help remove dirt.
  4. Spot Cleaning: If you identified stains earlier, now’s the time to address them. Using a bit of the detergent, gently rub the stain in a circular motion with your fingers.

Rinsing Technique to Ensure No Soap Residue

  1. Fresh Water: Empty the basin or sink and refill it with cool water.
  2. Rinse and Repeat: Submerge the cashmere item in the fresh water, gently swishing it around to rinse out the soap. It might take a couple of changes of water to ensure all soap residue is gone.
  3. Final Squeeze: Once you’re confident that all detergent has been rinsed out, gently press the garment against the sides of the basin or sink to remove excess water. Remember, no wringing!

Hand-washing cashmere might seem like a meticulous task, but it’s the best way to ensure your garments stay in top-notch condition. When you know how to clean cashmere clothes by hand, you’re investing in their longevity and continued luxury.

Machine-Washing Cashmere (If Absolutely Necessary)

While hand-washing is the gold standard for cashmere care, there might be times when you consider using a machine. If you decide to go this route, it’s crucial to be extra cautious. Machine-washing can be risky, but by following these guidelines, you can minimize potential damage to your treasured cashmere garments.

Setting Up the Washing Machine for Delicate Cycle

  1. Water Temperature: Ensure the machine is set to use cold water. Warm or hot water might shrink or misshape the fabric.
  2. Selecting the Cycle: Choose the delicate or hand-wash cycle on your machine. This setting mimics the gentle action of hand-washing, reducing the risk of agitation that can harm the fabric.
  3. Detergent Dosage: Add a mild or cashmere-specific detergent, ensuring you’re using the recommended amount for a light load.

Using a Mesh Laundry Bag to Protect the Garment

  1. Why a Mesh Bag? Placing your cashmere items inside a mesh laundry bag protects them from becoming tangled or pulled during the wash. This extra layer of protection can be a game-changer in preserving the integrity of the fabric.
  2. Placement: Fold your garment neatly and place it inside the bag. Ensure the bag is securely zipped or tied shut.

Recommended Spin Cycle and Settings

  1. Low Spin: If your machine allows you to adjust the spin speed, opt for the lowest setting. This reduces the centrifugal force exerted on the garment, minimizing potential stretching or distortion.
  2. Skip the Spin: Alternatively, you can skip the spin cycle altogether. Once the washing cycle is complete, gently press the water out of the garment without wringing. This method ensures minimal stress on the fabric.
  3. Immediate Removal: As soon as the cycle finishes, promptly remove the cashmere from the machine. Letting it sit damp in the machine can cause it to stretch or misshape.

In the realm of “how to clean cashmere clothes,” machine washing should be seen as a last resort. However, with careful settings and precautions, you can still achieve a satisfactory outcome while safeguarding the garment’s delicate nature.

Drying Cashmere Clothes

Once you’ve washed your cashmere clothes, the drying process becomes the next crucial step. Proper drying ensures the fabric maintains its shape, softness, and overall quality. Let’s walk through the best practices for drying cashmere:

Why You Should Avoid the Dryer

  1. Heat Risks: Cashmere fibers are sensitive to heat, and the intense warmth of a dryer can lead to shrinkage or warping of the fabric.
  2. Agitation: The tumbling action inside a dryer can be too aggressive for delicate cashmere, potentially leading to pilling or breaking of fibers.

Laying Flat on a Clean Towel: Technique and Precautions

  1. The Technique: Lay out a clean, dry towel on a flat surface. Gently place your cashmere garment on top, ensuring it’s spread out evenly without any wrinkles or folds.
  2. Roll and Press: Gently roll the towel with the garment inside, pressing as you go. This helps to extract excess moisture without stressing the fibers.
  3. Unroll and Layout: Carefully unroll the towel and rearrange the garment flat on a fresh, dry towel or a drying rack.

Tips to Maintain the Garment’s Shape During Drying

  1. Reshape by Hand: While the garment is still damp, gently reshape it by hand. Ensure sleeves, collar, and body return to their natural shape.
  2. Avoid Hanging: Hanging a wet cashmere garment can cause it to stretch. Always opt for flat drying.
  3. Rotate: If you’re using a drying rack, rotate the garment occasionally to ensure even drying and prevent any potential sagging.

Airing Out and Ensuring Thorough Drying to Avoid Mold or Mildew

  1. Ventilation is Key: Dry your cashmere in a well-ventilated area, ensuring a consistent flow of air. This helps to speed up the drying process and prevents the buildup of moisture.
  2. Avoid Direct Sunlight: While air is essential, direct sunlight can bleach or discolor the fabric. Opt for a shady spot or an indoor area away from direct sun rays.
  3. Double-Check: Even after the garment feels dry to the touch, ensure it’s completely dry, especially in thicker areas or seams. Any residual moisture can lead to mold or mildew over time.

Understanding how to clean cashmere clothes extends to the drying process. By ensuring your cashmere garments dry correctly, you preserve their luxury and longevity, allowing you to enjoy their soft embrace for years to come.

Dealing with Pilling

If you’ve owned a cashmere garment for any length of time, you’ve likely encountered pilling. Those tiny, fuzzy balls can detract from the elegance of your cashmere items. But why do they occur, and more importantly, how can you address them?

What Causes Pilling and How to Minimize It

  1. The Cause: Pilling happens when short fibers on the surface of the garment become tangled and form tiny balls or “pills.” This is often due to friction, which can arise from wearing, washing, or even storing the garment.
  2. Minimize through Wear: Reducing friction is key. For instance, if you’re wearing a cashmere sweater, be mindful of abrasive surfaces, like the rough straps of a bag.
  3. Minimize through Washing: As previously discussed, gentle hand-washing and avoiding the agitation of a washing machine can significantly reduce the risk of pilling.
  4. Storage Solutions: Storing cashmere items flat instead of hanging and giving them ample space in the closet can reduce friction and subsequent pilling.

Gentle Methods to Remove Pills Without Damaging the Garment

  1. Cashmere Combs: These are specialized tools designed to remove pills from delicate fabrics. Gently brush the comb over the surface of the garment, and it will lift away the pills.
  2. Manual Removal: While time-consuming, you can pick off larger pills by hand. Ensure you don’t pull too hard, which might damage the fabric.
  3. Pilling Shavers: These battery-operated devices work similarly to electric razors, shaving off the pills from the surface. However, they must be used with utmost caution to avoid cutting the garment.
  4. Regular Maintenance: Making de-pilling a regular part of your cashmere care routine can help maintain its pristine look. After a few wears, give your garment a once-over to address any budding pills.

While pilling can be an annoyance when figuring out how to clean cashmere clothes, it’s a natural part of the lifecycle of many fabrics, especially luxurious ones like cashmere. With the right tools and techniques, you can keep your cashmere looking as elegant as the day you bought it.

Storing Cashmere Clothes

Cashmere, with its luxurious texture and timeless appeal, deserves more than just being tossed in a drawer. Proper storage not only ensures the longevity of the fabric but also keeps it in its best condition. So, how can you give your cashmere the storage treatment it deserves?

Best Practices to Avoid Wrinkles and Maintain Shape

  1. Fold, Don’t Hang: Hanging cashmere can lead to stretching, especially when the garment carries moisture. Always fold your cashmere items neatly to maintain their shape.
  2. Flat Storage: If you have space, consider storing cashmere items flat in a drawer or on a shelf. This method helps to evenly distribute the garment’s weight, preventing it from losing shape.
  3. Avoid Overpacking: Ensure your cashmere clothes have some breathing room in your storage space. Stacking too many items on top of one another can lead to wrinkles and compression.

Keeping Moths and Other Pests Away

  1. Clean Before Storing: Moths are attracted to dirt and body oils. Always ensure your cashmere is clean before putting it away.
  2. Cedar Blocks or Balls: Natural cedar repels moths and adds a pleasant aroma. Place cedar blocks or balls in your storage area, but ensure they don’t directly touch the clothes to avoid oil transfer.
  3. Lavender Sachets: Like cedar, lavender naturally deters moths. Place sachets in between folds or in the storage area.
  4. Avoid Mothballs: Traditional mothballs contain chemicals that can harm the fabric and leave a lingering smell. Opt for natural repellents instead.

Importance of Airing Out Occasionally

  1. Breathe Easy: Over time, stored cashmere can accumulate moisture or odors. Periodically airing out your garments can refresh them and ensure longevity.
  2. Regular Check-ins: Every few months, take out your cashmere clothes, shake them gently, and let them breathe for a day before repacking. This practice also allows you to inspect for any issues like pests or damage.
  3. Change of Seasons: Especially if you’re transitioning from one season to another, airing out before storage refreshes the garments and prepares them for their “rest” period.

In mastering the art of how to clean cashmere clothes, storage is your final act. Properly stored cashmere not only lasts longer but also retains its beauty, making each wear feel as indulgent as the first.

Additional Tips and Tricks

Beyond the standard care, cashmere aficionados often have an arsenal of secrets that keep their prized possessions in impeccable condition. Delving deeper into the world of how to clean cashmere clothes, here are some additional tidbits to elevate your care routine:

Using Fabric Conditioner or Softener for Added Softness

  1. The Soft Touch: While cashmere is inherently soft, it can sometimes benefit from a little boost. A touch of fabric conditioner can restore its plush feel, especially if it’s been subject to hard water or rough washing.
  2. Choosing the Right One: Opt for a conditioner designed for delicate fabrics or specifically for wool. Avoid heavy or overly fragranced options, which might leave residues.
  3. Less is More: A small amount of conditioner goes a long way. Overuse can weigh down the fibers and diminish their natural softness.

Maintaining the Color and Preventing Fading

  1. Avoid Direct Sunlight: Whether drying or wearing, keep your cashmere away from prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, which can bleach or fade its color.
  2. Turn Inside Out: When washing, especially if machine-washing, turn the garment inside out. This helps reduce surface friction and protects the outer appearance.
  3. Color-Safe Detergents: These are formulated to lock in colors and prevent fading. They can be especially beneficial for vibrant or dark-colored cashmere items.

When and Why to Consider Professional Cleaning

  1. Tricky Stains: Some stains, like red wine or oil, can be challenging to remove at home without risking damage. In such cases, a professional cleaner with expertise in cashmere can be invaluable.
  2. Regular Maintenance: Even with diligent at-home care, consider a professional cleaning once or twice a year. They can refresh, de-pill, and often restore your cashmere to near-original condition.
  3. Peace of Mind: When in doubt, especially with high-end or cherished items, trust the experts. They possess the tools and knowledge to treat cashmere with the delicacy it demands.

Armed with these added tips and tricks, you’re more than equipped to give your cashmere garments the royal treatment they deserve, ensuring their luster lasts for years to come.

In Conclusion

Caring for cashmere goes beyond mere cleaning. It’s a delicate dance of preservation, ensuring that the softness, warmth, and luxury that defines cashmere remains intact through the seasons. From understanding its unique nature to mastering the intricacies of washing, drying, and storing, there’s an art and science to maintaining this prized fabric. Equipped with these comprehensive guidelines, not only will you prolong the life of your cashmere garments, but you’ll also amplify the joy they bring with every wear. As with many things in life, the extra care and attention you invest in your cashmere will undoubtedly pay dividends, rendering each piece a timeless testament to elegance and quality. Whether you’re a seasoned cashmere connoisseur or a newbie just diving into its plush depths, may your cashmere journey be as soft, warm, and luxurious as the fabric itself.


It’s best to avoid ironing cashmere directly. If you must remove wrinkles, use a steamer or place a damp cloth between the iron and the garment. Always use a low heat setting.

Cashmere doesn’t need frequent washing. It’s often enough to air it out between wears. Wash only when necessary, such as when it’s stained or after several wears.

Fabric shavers can be used to remove pills, but they should be used cautiously to avoid damaging the fabric. Always test on a small, inconspicuous area first.

Hanging cashmere, especially when wet or damp, can cause stretching. It’s recommended to fold cashmere garments and store them flat.

When washing and drying, avoid wringing or hanging the garment. Lay it flat on a towel to dry and store it by folding.

While hand-washing is preferred, some modern washing machines have delicate cycles that can handle cashmere. Always use a mesh bag, cold water, and a gentle detergent if opting for machine washing.

Hard water or residues from detergents can affect the softness. Use a fabric conditioner suited for wool or cashmere during rinsing to restore its softness.

First, clean the garment to remove any eggs or larvae. Then, store it with natural moth repellents like cedar or lavender. Regularly check and air out your cashmere to prevent future infestations.

Avoid plastic bags as they can trap moisture and don’t allow the fabric to breathe. Instead, use breathable garment bags or store in a drawer with space to breathe.

While home care can be effective, occasional professional cleaning can ensure deep cleansing, proper de-pilling, and restoration. If unsure, especially with valuable items, trust the experts.